Journal of Current Research on Health Sector (JoCReHeS) - ISSN: 2547-9636

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Abstract


Effect of the Course of Ethics and Values in Nursing on the Ethical Decision-Making Process of Nursing Students

Objective:Through education on ethics in nursing, raising professional nurses who are ethically responsive while providing high quality care is targeted. Therefore, the research was devised to analyze the effect of the course of ethics and values in nursing on the development of the ethical decision-making ability of students. Material and Methods:Research population was composed of a total of 87 two-year students who took the course of ethics for the first time and were enrolled at the Department of Nursing of a Faculty of Health Sciences. A sample was not selected from the population in the research, rather the research was designed to study the entire population. Results: 80 students, namely, 92% of the entire population, participated in the pre-test phase of the research whereas 69 of those students who participated in the pre-test phase, namely, 79% of the entire population, joined the post-test phase. In order to collect data, ‘Personal Information Form’ and ‘Ethical Dilemma Test in Nursing’ were utilized. Prior to the launch of the first week of the course, students participating in the research were asked to fill in the ‘Structured Personal Information Form’ and to take ‘Ethical Dilemma Test in Nursing’. In the last week of the semester after the completion of sessions of the course, the same students were required once again to fill in the ‘Structured Personal Information Form’ and to take ‘Ethical Dilemma Test in Nursing’. It was discerned that the mean of students’ scores of ‘principled thinking’ was 49.26±6.08 before the course and 54.79±8.91 after the course, and there was a statistically significant increase in students’ scores of ‘principled thinking’ (p: 0.001). Conclusion: In conclusion, as to what to do when confronted with ethical dilemmas, it was found that there was a statistically significant decrease only in reporting medication mistakes. It was ascertained that students’ scores of principled thinking were above average both before and after the course and there was a statistically significant increase in students’ scores of ‘principled thinking’ after the ethics course.



Keywords
Nursing Student; Ethical Decision-Making; Ethics and Values



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