Journal of Current Research on Health Sector (JoCReHeS) - ISSN: 2547-9636

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Abstract


Comparison of Pregnancy Complications between Employed and Unemployed Women

The aim of this study was to determine the differences of socio-demographic characteristics, general health conditions, the story of previous pregnancies, and outcome of pregnancy between employed and unemployed women .The study was made a total of 200 women (100 employed and 100 unemployed) in Kütahya between the dates of 20 November 2013 – 7 January 2014. A questionnaire prepared by the reserchers based on literature were used for data collection. Statistical analyses were undertaken using SPSS version 17. Mean, Standard deviation, quantity, percentage calculations and Pearson’s Chi-square (χ²) test, were used statistical evaluation. The mean age of the employed women participated in this study was 27,8±3,1, while it was 28,2±3,6 for unemployed women. 60% of employed women has a bachelor or graduate degree, and it was found that 52.0% of unemployed women graduated from primary school(p<0.001). As a contraceptive method, 34% of employed women used condom, and 21% of unemployed women preferred with drawal method. The rate of spontaneous abortion for employed women was 18% and it was 26% for unemployed women. The rate of preterm birth for employed women was 7% and it was %11 for unemployed women. The rate of low-birth weight baby for employed womenwas 9% and it was 16% for unemployed women(p>0.05). It was found that employment was associated with a more favorable social status: employed women had a higher educational level and they had less children. Unemployed women have more pregnancy complications compared to employed women and this is associated withwomen’s educations level, smoking prevalence, number of pregnancy and wanted pregnancy.



Keywords
Working life, pregnancy, pregnancy complications.



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