Journal of Current Research on Health Sector (JoCReHeS) - ISSN: 2547-9636

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Abstract


The Relationship Between Obesity and Chronic Diseases

Obesity; is an abnormal and excessive amount of fat accumulation. In many parts of the world, the incidence of obesity prevalence and obesity is increasing rapidly. According to WHO data, overweight and obesity are the first five in the risk of death, and at least 2.8 million people lose their lives as being overweight and obese. Obesity has negative effects on all systems and psychological status in the body and these effects cause many health problems. The main risks and factors affecting the risk of obesity; excessive and incorrect nutrition, inadequate physical activity, age, gender, income level, education level, non-alcohol use, some drugs used (antidepressants, etc.), number of births, socio-cultural factors, hormonal and metabolic factors, genetic factors are determined as . Obesity is one of the risk factors associated with various diseases in the human body including cardiovascular, respiratory and digestive system diseases, hypertension, type II diabetes, osteoarthritis, polycystic ovary syndrome, immune system dysfunction and some types of cancer. The role of the nurse in diseases caused by obesity is to reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality related to obesity by aiming at a realistic body weight loss, to provide an adequate and balanced nutrition habit for the individual and to increase the quality of life. Nurse has an active role in medical nutrition (diet), exercise, behavior change, pharmacological and surgical treatment of obesity.



Keywords
Obesity, Chronic Diseases, Nursing



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