Journal of Current Research on Health Sector (JoCReHeS) - ISSN: 2547-9636

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Abstract


The Effect of Home Exercise Program on Balance and Functional Capacity in Patients with Parkinson Disease

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of home exercise program on the balance, fall risk and functional capacity of patients with Parkinson's disease who had not been trained before. 29 volunteer patients with Parkinson's disease were enrolled in the study. The staging of Parkinson disease was done with the Hoehn and Yahr scale. The symptoms with United Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), cognitive status of patients with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), depression level with Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), static and dynamic balance with Berg Balance Scale (BBS), functional mobility with Timed Up and Go test (TUGT) and quality of life Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39) were assessed. Patients were divided into two groups according to fall experience in the last year.The assessment of the balance and functional capacity were made before and after the exercise program and inter-group comparations were made. There was no difference in demographic and clinical characteristics between the patients according to falling experience in the last year. After the exercise program, patients with falling experience had a high BBS score, while the duration of TUGT was lower, and patients with no falling experience had a high BDI score after exercise, but no difference was found in the duration of TUGT. There was no difference between the patient’s groups according to falling experience in terms of TUGT, UPDRS, BBS and PDQ-39 total score before and after exercise. For the treatment of Parkinson's disease, home exercise program is a treatment method that reduces the illness symptoms and improves balance and quality of life. The home exercise program should be applied at all stages from the early stages of the disease by making it part of the treatment in Parkinson's disease.



Keywords
Balance, Exercise; Functional Capacity; Parkinson Disease



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