Journal of Current Research on Health Sector (JoCReHeS) - ISSN: 2547-9636

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Abstract


Disaster Awareness Research in Family Health Centers: The Case of Elazig

The most effective way of struggle with disasters is to take measures, against hazards that may possibly cause disasters, for mitigation to reduce losses and damages, before the event happened. For this purpose, disaster awareness needs to be widespread in society. The aim of this research was to determine the basic disaster consciousness and awareness levels of adults in Family Health Centers. This descriptive study was conducted with 1267 adults (704 women, 563 men) in March-May 2015. The data were collected by a questionnaire. It was developed by the researchers including 40 questions (12 questions about socio-demographic characteristics and 10 questions about basic disaster consciousness and 18 questions about disaster preparedness) by conducting a literature review. The mean age of the participants (1267 people) was 39.9 ± 11.7 years. 55.6% of the participants were female. 28% of them held a college degree and 25.6% of them unemployed. 55.6% were directly exposed to a disaster. 85,7% of the participants know that Elazıg is the first degree earthquake region. The frequency of basic disaster consciousness training is 41%. Averages of disaster conscious knowledge scores are 8.8 ± 1.34 over 10 points. 89.7% of the participants stated that they did not have an emergency plan. According to findings obtained from this study, disaster awareness levels are high, but a significant number of participants did not make any preparations for emergencies. It is suggested that studies should be carried out to increase disaster awareness level.



Keywords
disaster, disaster preparedness, disaster consciousness, Elazig



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