Journal of Current Research on Health Sector (JoCReHeS) - ISSN: 2547-9636

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Abstract


The Validity and Reliability Study for Developing An Assessment Scale for Adaptation to Chronic Diseases

This study was carried out to develop a valid and reliable measurement tool for assessing adaptation to chronic diseases in terms of physiological, psychological, social and spiritual aspects. The sample of this methodological study consisted of 288 patients having chronic diseases. In the validity study of the scale, content validity and structural validity analyzes were performed. Internal consistency and invariance analyzes were performed for reliability analyzes. The content validity indices of the items in the scale were determined as 0.87-0.99. As a result of the explanatory factor analysis for structural validity, a 4-dimensional scale with 28 items was obtained. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess whether the scale structure was confirmed or not. The fit indices of the scale were found as follows: X2/sd = 1.731 (perfect fit), RMSEA = 0.050 (excellent fit), CFI = 0.922 (acceptable fit), IFI = 0.928 (acceptable fit) and GFI = 0.90 (acceptable fit). It was found Spearman-Brown coefficient and Guttman coefficient were 0.87 and Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient was 0.83. The Assessment Scale for Adaptation to Chronic Diseases was found to be a valid and reliable measurement tool for assessing adaptation to chronic diseases.



Keywords
Chronic Disease, Adaptation, Scale Development, Validity, Reliability



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